The nature of Turkmenistan has thousands of plant species, ranging from desert grasses and saxauls to mountain forests. The fauna is represented by 91 species of mammals, 372 species of birds, 74 species of reptiles and 60 species of fish. And if in the desert flora and fauna are poorly represented, then the valleys of mountain rivers are a real treasure of nature in Turkmenistan. In addition, all this wealth is protected in the Badkhyz, Krasnodar and Repetek reserves.
The climate of Turkmenistan is sharply continental. Daytime temperatures vary greatly: the average July temperature is + 30-32 ° С, and in winter it drops to -5 ° С. The average annual rainfall ranges from 80 mm in desert areas to 400 mm in the mountains. At the same time, hot winds and dust storms often occur on the plains.